Though there have been a lot of improvements with high performance engines, especially for classic muscle cars over the past few decades. However, they are still not very efficient at transforming chemical energy to mechanical power. Instead, most of them are turned into heat, and it is the cooling system which is responsible for dealing with this issue to avoid damages. With that in mind, here’s what you need to know about the cooling system for your classic muscle car restoration.
What is a cooling system?
A typical 8-cylinder classic muscle car which cruises at around 60 miles per hour often generates 4000 controlled explosions/minute in the engine. These explosions obviously produce a considerable of heat. If left uncontrolled, it would cause serious damage to your engine. And the main job of a cooling system is to control those high temperatures.
Compared to traditional systems, most modern cooling units haven’t changed a lot. In fact, they have become more efficient and reliable at performing the job. A basic cooling system is comprised of liquid coolant which is circulated across the engine, then to the radiator for being cooled by the airflow from the front grill. This helps keep the engine maintain a constant temperature regardless of the outside air temperatures are below zeros or 45 degrees. A high level of temperature can destroy the system, while a low level will lower fuel economy and increase emissions.
Types of cooling system
Basically, automotive cooling systems are divided into two types: air-cooled and liquid-cooled.
Liquid cooling systems
Liquid cooling systems are the most popular kind in most car models. This type of cooling system circulates the fluid through a system of passageways and pipes in the engine. When this liquid goes through the heated engine, it will absorb heat and cool these areas. After the fluid comes out of the engine, it will pass through a radiator, or heat exchanger, which helps transfer the heat from the liquid to the air flowing through the radiator.
Air cooling systems
Some older models, and very few modern vehicles, are equipped with an air cooling system. In these units, the engine will be covered in metal fins which circulate the heat out of the cylinder rather than conduct the liquid through the engine. A powerful fan will force air over those fins and cool the engine by moving the heat into the air.
The composition of a cooling system
A basic cooling system will have the following components:
– The radiator
– The cooling fans
– Reverse tank and pressure cap
– Water pump
– Bypass system
– Freeze plugs
– Heater core
– Intake manifold gaskets and head gaskets
As you can see, a cooling system plays an essential role in any classic muscle car model. So if you are planning any restoration on your vehicle, make sure to consider this unit carefully.
Do not hesitate to contact Resurrection Muscle Cars for the right guidance. Call us now for a free quote and consultation (561) 729-0911.